How to Become a Frontend Developer? A Complete Roadmap 2024

When you open a website, what’s the first thing you notice? It’s the appearance and feel of that website. A website’s design and visual appeal are the key factors that make you stay and engage with it further. No user would be interested in browsing a website with dull designs. The person who designs a website’s entire look and interface is known as a frontend developer.

Frontend developers are responsible for creating the client side of a website or web app, making it hassle-free for users to navigate the website and find the required information.

Frontend development is one of the most rewarding and sought-after careers. There are already over 15,000 open jobs listed for frontend developers. Considering the time we spend online, the demand for frontend developers will only skyrocket. Global giants, such as Capgemini, Oracle, and IBM, have multiple vacancies for skilled and proficient frontend developers with an average salary package of around ₹5-7 LPA.

Want to apply for one of such job roles? Then, you must understand the frontend developer roadmap, which guides you at every step and helps you reach your goals. It will also tell you how to acquire the necessary technical skills and land your dream job. 

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What Is a Frontend Developer?

Web development is divided into two major categories- frontend and backend. Frontend comprises all the visual elements that users see and interact with, whereas backend is more focused on a website’s data, logic, structure, and system. Frontend and backend always go hand-in-hand to build interactive and engaging websites. However, the journey of becoming a backend developer differs from that of a frontend developer. 

Frontend developers are skilled professionals who work on the client side of a website, designing its user interface and visual aspects. The user interface allows users to access a website or web app and interact with it. Web designers are responsible for crafting a website’s layout and visual appearance, and frontend developers make sure their designs work seamlessly using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. 

Frontend developers take care of all the designing parts and collaborate with designers, backend developers, testers, and SEO experts to produce the final result. Before we delve into the frontend developer roadmap in 2024, let’s see what they do. 

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What Does a Frontend Developer Do?

Frontend developers are responsible for designing, developing, and maintaining the user interface of a website. It includes all the visual elements, such as images, text, animations, and videos, that come together to convey a message.

They are skilled at designing the layout of a website using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Also, they focus on implementing visual aspects that improve a website’s performance and enhance a user experience. 

Now that we know what a web developer does, it’s time to learn how to become a frontend developer and get closer to your dream job. 

Also Read: List of Front End Languages for Web Development in 2024 (Front End Programming Languages)

Frontend Developer Roadmap 2024

Here is a detailed guide on how to be a frontend developer and become skilled at your job:

  1. Pursue Technical Education
  2. Learn HTML, CSS & JavaScript
  3. Practice Coding
  4. Gain Understanding of Frameworks
  5. Master Relevant Tools and Technologies
  6. Hone Your Skills
  7. Work on Hands-on Projects
  8. Build an Impressive Portfolio
  9. Expand Your Network
  10. Apply for a Job or Internship

1. Pursue Technical Education

You don’t need a specific degree or qualification to pursue frontend development and make a career in this field. However, it’s essential to educate yourself and gain a fair understanding of fundamentals of frontend development. Take an online frontend development course to learn programming languages, frameworks, and other advanced concepts.

Make sure to choose a reliable and extensive training program that offers hands-on experience and job assistance. Some companies and hiring managers look for candidates with a certification or degree in the field. An equivalent degree would also suffice, but you must have technical proficiency. 

2. Learn HTML, CSS & JavaScript

The next step is to master the three major frontend programming languages– HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You can’t even imagine being a frontend developer without proficiency in these languages, as they are the building blocks of frontend development. 

Learn the syntax, uses, features, and implementation of the three, as this knowledge will come in handy while designing a website. To acquire programming skills, you can opt for a free learning platform or join a paid course.


HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is concerned with designing the structure of a website. Developers use HTML to tell the browser how a particular website should appear. For this, they must know how to create web page layouts and use common HTML tags.


Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used to style different elements on a web page. Whether it’s text size, images, font, or color, developers use CSS to write them. As a frontend developer, you must master CSS frameworks as they help you improve your productivity and produce better results.


This client-side programming language makes a website interactive through videos, animations, maps, audio, etc. It enhances the functionality of a website by connecting frontend elements to the backend and database. 

3. Practice Coding

The roadmap of frontend developer is incomplete without consistent practice. Practice enables you to identify your strengths and weaknesses, helping you achieve perfection in your work. 

Make sure to practice coding continuously to become an expert in coding. This will be your chance to dig deeper into different concepts and get a strong hold on them. Understand the tricks of writing code efficiently and quickly as a professional developer. 

Use different online platforms and programs to practice coding in an engaging and fun way. Start with the basics and then move to the advanced levels gradually. 

4. Gain Understanding of Frameworks

Once you are done with learning frontend programming languages and honing your coding skills, you must get the hang of frontend frameworks that you will use frequently throughout your career.

Frontend frameworks are libraries comprising already-written code. They make the development process faster and easier by providing reusable components. Some frontend frameworks that you must learn are Angular, Vue, Bootstrap, and React. 

Frontend developers need not learn all the frameworks but a few relevant ones based on their projects, learning curve, and industry trends. You can begin with something simpler and basic and then consider learning advanced ones to boost your career. 

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5. Master Relevant Tools and Technologies

The next step is to become well-versed in using frontend tools and technologies. This demands an extensive knowledge of the Version Control System, which is crucial for tracking and controlling all the changes made in the source code before launching the website. 

You can learn different Version Control Systems, such as GitHub, Beanstalk, and Mercurial. Knowledge of responsive designs is also essential, as it equips you to create websites that are compatible with different devices, screen sizes, and operating systems. 

Other areas to master are GUI, Command Line, and Browser Developer Tools, which help developers improve the quality of user interfaces. The tools you will use in your career as a frontend developer are Web Performance metrics, Testing & Debugging, CSS Preprocessing, and more, which will make your task hassle-free and improve user experience. 

Learning about these tools and technologies is not enough. You must know how to use them for different projects to enhance your productivity and efficiency. To get practical experience, enroll in an online full-stack development course.

Also Read: Web Development Future (Scope and Trends in 2024 & Beyond)

6. Hone Your Skills

No matter how many years of experience you gain or how many projects you have worked on, there is always something new to learn. So, as a beginner, you have so much to master and familiarize yourself with. 

As new tools, technologies, approaches, and platforms are introduced, stay updated with the latest trends to stay ahead of your peers and grab the attention of recruiters. This is a critical step in a frontend web developer roadmap as you will acquire frontend and programming skills that will advance your career.

As you hone your frontend skills, you will be able to keep pace with industry developments. Track where you lag and work on that area to become an accomplished developer. 

You can join an online community or watch tutorials to brush up on your technical and non-technical skills. The main skills you need to be an adept frontend developer are:

Technical Skills 

  • Programming languages
  • Analytical
  • Testing and debugging
  • Responsive design
  • CSS preprocessors
  • Website optimization
  • Version Control
  • Frameworks and libraries

Soft Skills

  • Teamwork
  • Communication
  • Problem-solving
  • Adaptability
  • Flexibility

7. Work on Hands-on Projects

It’s finally time to apply your knowledge in the real world through projects. Start by building mini-projects that require basic programming and single-page website development. Then, move on to complex frontend project ideas that will allow you to apply your skills and learning across various projects and domains.

This is important to gain hands-on experience and practical exposure to frontend development. As you work on projects, you will learn new concepts you might not have learned during your education. 

Working on projects is also a great way to build credibility as a skilled developer, which will be useful when exploring job opportunities. 

8. Build an Impressive Portfolio

Anyone who aspires to be a frontend developer must have a solid portfolio that makes them stand out and a suitable candidate. Whether you apply for a job, work as a freelancer, or start something of your own, an impressive portfolio will showcase your work and capabilities to recruiters and clients. 

It should include all types of websites you have designed and built, be it a static website or a complex project. Mention the tools and technologies used for each, share challenges faced, and how you resolved them. 

Your portfolio provides insight into your skills and knowledge, so spare no effort. Include samples for recruiters and share a short biography describing your expertise, accomplishments, and strengths. 

9. Expand Your Network

Regardless of your industry, networking is the best way to connect with the right people and find promising opportunities. There are multiple frontend development communities online that you can join to find useful learning resources.

Attend seminars, participate in conferences, and share your ideas on different platforms to improve your credibility and build a reputation. It will also help you stay updated with the latest industry trends and resolve your queries. 

Here are the proven and effective ways to expand your network and make your roadmap to frontend developer more valuable:

Online Communities- Join different online communities and forums meant for frontend developers. You can post your comments, ask queries, and give suggestions. Participate in challenges and events to build relationships and interact with people from the same field.

LinkedIn- It is a popular platform used by job seekers, business owners, and other professionals to find new opportunities. 

Conferences- The traditional way of meeting people face-to-face is still effective and worthwhile. Participate in meet-ups and conferences to meet people from a range of professions.

10. Apply for a Job or Internship

You have gained the necessary knowledge, acquired skills, and built a network by now. So, the last step is to search for a job or internship to kickstart your career. Start applying for jobs via LinkedIn, companies’ websites, and job portals. 

Landing a promising job will not be easy. You will give multiple interviews, face a few rejections, and sometimes feel stressed. But stay focused. Learn something new and work on your weaknesses with every experience. 

You can follow companies and hiring managers to get the latest updates about job postings. Choose the industry you want to work in and leverage every opportunity you find. 

Roles and Responsibilities of a Frontend Developer

Once you know the roadmap to become frontend developer, it’s crucial to learn your roles and responsibilities. You will play an integral role in web development, managing user interfaces and designs of websites. 

  • Create user-friendly, interactive, engaging, and responsive designs.
  • Use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to design web pages, structure content, style the website, and enhance functionality.
  • Improve user experience through appealing and easy-to-navigate websites.
  • Adopt a mobile-first approach to create web pages and websites that are compatible with all devices.
  • Optimize user interfaces using search engine optimization techniques.
  • Work with designers to create mockups and translate wireframes into fully functional websites. 
  • Ensure that all the visual elements and designs are implemented as desired.
  • Optimize web pages for efficiency and speed. This involves reducing loading time and offering seamless experiences using lazy loading and minification techniques.
  • Create responsive features so users can access web pages on any browser and screen.
  • Ensure that websites and web applications perform consistently on all platforms and devices.
  • Test the website for any issues or errors and fix bugs to ensure its smooth functioning.
  • Find layout problems, broken links, and errors that may hamper the performance of web applications.
  • Work with frontend frameworks and libraries to streamline the web development process.
  • Document code and development process to maintain the website and troubleshoot issues.
  • Understand the version control system to track changes and maintain codebase integrity.
  • Monitor website performance using various tools and enhance metrics, such as resource optimization and loading speed. 
  • Maintain websites and updating them according to market trends and requirements. 
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Skills Required to be a Frontend Developer

Many learners ask how to be a good frontend developer. The most important part is to develop diverse skills to meet the job description and perform your duties well. Here are a few skills you must work on to be competent in your job:

Technical Skills

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • CSS Preprocessors
  • Frontend frameworks
  • Responsive design
  • Cross-browser compatibility
  • Web performance optimization
  • Version control
  • UI/UX principles
  • Testing and debugging

Soft Skills

  • Analytical
  • Problem-solving
  • Collaboration
  • Teamwork
  • Leadership
  • Communication
  • Creativity 

Also Read: Difference Between Front-end vs Backend Development: Full Comparison

FAQs Related to Frontend Developer Roadmap

1. Do you need a specific degree to become a frontend developer?

No, you don’t need any specific degree or qualification to be a frontend developer. Although technical background is a benefit, it is your skills that help you land a great job. You can take an online frontend development course to build skills and knowledge required to be a knowledgeable frontend developer. 

2. Is frontend development a promising career?

Frontend development is a great career to pursue, especially for people interested in design and technology. It gives you a chance to work for multiple clients and industries, designing websites using cutting-edge tools and technologies. The job market for frontend development will continue to grow, and it will be one of the most lucrative careers. 

3. How to know if frontend development is the right career for me?

Do you think you should try frontend development at least once? Does designing excite you? Then give it a shot and try your hands at frontend development. You can take a free course online to get an insight into the field, and if it piques your interest, then join a full-fledged course to become a certified frontend developer. 

4. How to become a frontend developer in 3 months?

Every aspirant and learner has a different journey. If you want to become a frontend developer within three months, you can opt for self-paced and free tutorials that allow you to learn at your own speed. There are many reliable ed-tech platforms offering such courses. However, if you join a paid course with live interactive classes, it will span four to six months.

5. How to learn frontend development?

Start by listening to podcasts, reading e-books, and watching free tutorials. Familiarize yourself with the basics and understand how a website works. Also, it will help you learn about the tools and technologies you will use as a frontend developer. Then, take a paid online frontend development course from a credible institute that offers live and practical-oriented classes and hands-on experience through assignments. It will help you understand how to handle real-life projects and solve clients’ issues. 

6. What are the frontend tools and technologies?

The top frontend technologies are:

2. CSS
3. JavaScript
4. Angular.JS
5. React.JS
6. Vue.JS
7. Bootstrap
8. Flutter
9. Next.JS
10. Ionic

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With this, we have come to the end of the approaches and roadmap required to become a full-fledged and accomplished frontend developer. Invest sufficient time in each step, and don’t rush. Stay consistent, give your best, and keep learning to make a successful career in the industry and prove your proficiency. Once you possess skills and build knowledge, you will have endless opportunities to explore. So, without any further ado, take your first step now. 

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  • Ashima Jain

    Ashima Jain is a Content Editor and Strategist at WsCube Tech and has been in the content marketing industry for 6 years. She is a writer by day and a reader by night. It was actually her love for reading that made her try her hands at writing. She has completed her postgraduation in Economics and Financial Management and has also done diploma courses in Journalism and Digital Marketing. When not working, you can find her in a cafe enjoying a cup of joe and a book.