Web Developer Job Description 2024 (Roles and Responsibilities)

As businesses are relying more and more on websites to reach the target audience, the web development market is evolving rapidly. Thanks to digital and technical advancements, companies can now mark a strong online presence by making memorable first impressions through their websites. 

Basically, websites have become the face of businesses that can make or break a brand’s reputation and affect how users perceive a specific product. That is why web developers have become a valuable asset for any company. 

They are technical professionals who build websites and web applications for the Internet. A web developer career description includes collaborating with designers, testers, and stakeholders to translate ideas and programming logic into rich and compatible web products.

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Although many people aspire to be web developers and make a secure career in the tech industry, they are not familiar with the basic job responsibilities and duties of the role. 

So, to help beginners understand more about web development and web developer job summary, we have explained their job roles, duties, skills, and other details. 

Who is a Web Developer?

A web developer is a technical expert responsible for creating and maintaining websites and web applications accessed via the internet. They are responsible for server-side and front-end logic, performing tasks to implement visual elements that users see or interact with, and writing clean code to ensure smooth functionality.

In simple terms, web developers construct websites using code, design components, and layouts so the platforms work flawlessly. They meticulously craft user experience and interface and collaborate with project managers and designers to meet the desired results. Their goal is to design a comprehensive website with basic and advanced features while meeting design specifications, timelines, and budgets. 

Furthermore, they specialize in distributing network applications that run on protocols like HTTP from a web server to a browser. Although most responsibilities of web developers remain somewhat similar, a junior web developer job description may be different from that of a front-end/back-end or full-stack developer. However, they all must possess expertise in different programming languages, such as JavaScript, HyperText Markup Language (HTML), CSS, Angular, React, etc. 

Becoming a web developer may sound intriguing and exciting, but it demands a lot of effort, dedication, and commitment. So, join our online web development course to fulfill this dream, get trained by industry leaders, and begin your career confidently. 

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Types of Web Developers 

There are different types of web developers, and each of them has a distinct web programming job description and duties. Below, we have explained different web developer roles in brief:

1. Front-end Web Developer

Front-end developers focus on the structural layout, design, and visual appeal of a website. They craft different elements of the user interface of a website and web application using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. A front-end web developer job description also includes attaining the right mix of functional, graphical, and aesthetic components to maintain enhanced efficiency across all platforms and devices. 

2. Back-end Web Developer

Back-end web developers specialize in the server-side aspects of a website and web application. The job is to write clean code and combine the server-side systems and services with front-end technologies to create a personalized and seamless experience for users. They use different server-side programming languages and technologies, such as Python, PHP, Ruby, etc., along with web servers and databases to manage, retrieve, and process data operations.

3. Full-stack Web Developer

If a job profile for web developer includes full-stack development, it adds credibility and value to their CV. It showcases their proficiency in both front-end and back-end programming. Hence, they are the highest-paid experts in the web development universe. They can easily manage client-side and server-side aspects of web applications by using different technologies, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, AngularJS, Python, ReactJS, and other diverse server-side languages. 

Also read: 15 Best Web Development Books to Read in 2024

Web Developer Job Description

web developer career description

Web developers must possess technical and soft skills, along with enough experience, to design, develop, test, and maintain websites and web apps. Their job description, including roles and responsibilities, may change depending on the project, company, expectations for team collaboration, and other factors. However, a website programmer job description usually is the same. 

Recruiters seek skilled professionals with exceptional technical prowess and graphic design proficiency. They want web developers who can build and design dynamic websites by using different programming languages. 

Moreover, based on the project and hiring goals, they may also look for front-end, back-end, or full-stack web developers. Therefore, it is crucial that you acquire different skills to align with major job roles and duties. Make sure that your profile matches the key requirements and criteria. This will ensure your place among the top candidates for the position. 

To help you understand the web page developer job description in detail, we have shared key job roles, responsibilities, duties, skills, and qualifications of a web developer. 

Also read: 25 Best Web Development Projects in 2024 [With Source Code]

Web Developer Job Role

A web developer is primarily responsible for creating and maintaining fully functional websites and web applications using various programming languages, libraries, frameworks, and tools. Their goal is to meet clients’ and business requirements by building visually appealing and responsive web apps. Let’s dive deeper into the job description for web programmer by getting familiar with their job roles. 

1. Create a Rich Website

The key responsibility of a web developer is to write clean code to build a website or web app. They use different programming languages, techniques, tech stacks, and frameworks to deliver top-notch results and create dynamic websites that meet their client expectations. 

Other tasks that come under their job roles include achieving their goals while adhering to contemporary web development standards and ethics, maintaining a reusable code environment that they can update or debug without hassle, and, if needed, modifying the program to maintain a flexible coding framework. 

2. Design an Attractive Website

Web developers work closely with designers to convey their vision and get the desired visual results to give websites an appealing look. This task aims at producing a responsive web application that is compatible with all devices and screens. 

They ensure that designers implement all the functions and features properly so that the website is consistent across all web pages.

Designers use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create functional websites and design use interfaces. Moreover, developers implement code to make the visual elements work. Hence, it’s crucial that they both collaborate effectively and have clear communication. 

3. Front-end Development

Front-end development focuses on the client side of a website that users see or interact with. Web developers use HTML, CSS, and JS to create responsive designs and interactive user interfaces and maintain cross-browser compatibility. 

4. Back-end Development

Back-end development is also a part of web developer job roles where professionals take care of server-side aspects of a website. They write code and use programming languages to construct the foundational structure and features of websites or web apps so they work smoothly. They use Python, PHP, Ruby, or NodeJS and manage server configuration and databases.

5. Database Management

Most software work with vast amounts of data, including storing, retrieving, and manipulating data. Their job roles include creating and optimizing database schemas, ensuring data security, and writing queries. Hence, database management is an essential part of a web developer’s job. While using any software offline, they need to synchronize data between local storage and distant databases. Therefore, developers must possess a fair knowledge of databases, such as SQLite, a vital aspect of mobile programming that allows them to save data indefinitely. 

6. Web Application Development

Web developers must be proficient in creating web applications to offer powerful and sophisticated web app features and meet specific needs. This task involves building interactive web app components using advanced technologies, such as APIs, AJAX, ReactJS, VueJS, and AngularJS. 

7. Testing and Debugging

Many times, a web developer’s work description includes testing and debugging as they need to test the code regularly to find errors and fix them to make sure websites or web apps work efficiently across all platforms. 

First, web developers analyze websites meticulously to determine errors at the early stage. They test code for any potential flaws before launching the program and run thorough testing to avoid any unforeseen challenges in the future. They also invite feedback from clients and stakeholders to ensure they meet all requirements.

If they come across a bug, it can result in the ineffective functioning of a website. So, they optimize the code for enhanced performance. Consistent code testing and validation guarantee that the code works as intended and the website is operational. This task of testing, evaluating, and debugging is necessary to offer a positive user experience and accelerate business growth. 

Also read: Top 12 Front-End Web Developer Skills (2024)

8. Optimization for Better Performance

Web developers are also responsible for improving the efficiency, speed, and scalability of websites by implementing different optimization techniques. They use minification, caching, and image optimization strategies for better performance and user experience. 

9. Collaboration and Version Control

Web developers have to communicate and collaborate with designers, creative specialists, and stakeholders to get the desired results and deliver websites and web apps within the stipulated time. They use version control systems like Git to streamline collaborative efforts, monitor modifications, and manage code repositories. 

10. Maintenance and Updates

A website must be responsive to engage users and keep them happy. Any web page or program that takes too long to load can make users leave the page and never return. Therefore, developers need to continuously ensure that all the features are functional and running smoothly. 

They must maintain the website and update it to keep it away from bugs and glitches. Also, they need to perform regular backups, update software, fix bugs, and implement new features to keep up with the trends. 

11. Ensuring Responsive Design

If a website is not responsive, then web pages may seem broken, which affects traffic and user engagement. Hence, a responsive website is crucial for an effective web development process as it provides users with a memorable experience and increases lead conversions. 

A web page must adapt to different screen sizes, including smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktops. For this, developers combine flexible layouts, intelligent code, and media that guarantee that the page scales appropriately to accommodate different devices.

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Job Responsibilities of Web Developer

A web developer can work for a company with a team or as a freelancer, taking up projects for different clients. Depending on the team size or work situation, the roles and responsibilities of web developer may vary, but day-to-day responsibilities will be the same, which will include the following:

  • Collaborating and communicating effectively with fellow team members, such as developers, designers, testers, and stakeholders.
  • Creating, designing, testing, and maintaining websites or web applications.
  • Designing the architecture of web apps.
  • Writing and reviewing code for websites- XML, HTML, and JavaScript.
  • Composing and editing website content.
  • Integrating multimedia content onto a website.
  • Taking care of browser compatibility, user interface, and general web standards and features.
  • Implementing a robust set of services and APIs to power web applications.
  • Coming up with solutions to errors and technical glitches.
  • Testing web applications and finding bugs.
  • Building reusable code and libraries for the future.
  • Troubleshooting problems and debugging web applications for seamless user experience and improved web app performance.
  • Presenting design specifications to stakeholders and clients.
  • Optimizing applications for enhanced scalability and maximum speed.
  • Designing an efficient test procedure to maintain the top-notch quality of external and internal interfaces.
  • Ensuring data security and protection.
  • A web developer job duties also include maintaining and updating websites.
  • Translating UI/UX wireframes to visual elements.
  • Monitoring website traffic.
  • Integrating front-end and back-end aspects of websites and web applications.
  • Staying updated with technology trends. 
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Web Developer Skills and Qualifications 

A web developer job profile must include a few include skills and qualifications that every recruiter seeks. These skills add value to your CV and make you stand out during the hiring process. 

  • Fair knowledge of server-side templating languages- Jinja, Jade, etc.
  • Proficiency in front-end technologies- HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Expertise in back-end programming languages- Python, PHP, Java, Ruby, etc.
  • Understanding of third-party APIs.
  • Knowledge of data migration, scripting, and transformation.
  • Familiarity with fundamental design principles to create scalable applications.
  • Fair understanding of the difference between multiple delivery platforms, such as mobile, desktop, and tabs, and how to optimize a website or web app for a specific platform.
  • Well-versed in different web development frameworks and libraries- AngularJS, ReactJS, KnockoutJS, DurandalJS, etc.
  • Proficiency in implementing automated testing platforms and unit tests.
  • Knowledge of server-side CSS preprocessors- Less, Sass, Stylus, etc.
  • Working understanding of cross-browser interoperability, website interfaces, and web standards.
  • Expertise in hosting environments, which includes scaling and application and database administration to support load changes.
  • Skilled at creating database schemas to represent and support business processes.
  • Knowledge of asynchronous programming.
  • Well-versed in development aiding tools- Rake, Bower, Gulp, Bundler, etc.
  • Exceptional collaboration skills to work and coordinate with different team members from various departments.
  • Basic understanding of image authoring tools, resize, crop, and small adjustments. Knowledge of tools, such as Photoshop and Gimp, is a plus.
  • Experience in version control systems- BitBucket and GitHub.
  • Ability to use client-side scripting and JavaScript frameworks- jQuery.
  • Proficiency in code versioning tools- Mercurial, Git, SVN.

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Websites are the heart of online businesses, helping them establish their digital presence, offer essential services via apps, and connect with potential clients. For this reason, web development is considered a key pillar of conducting online business. 

This has increased the demand for developers, which will continue to grow in the future. A web developer job description is quite comprehensive, and these professionals make sure that websites and web applications run smoothly for users and businesses. If you also want to be a part of this exciting and lucrative field, then join our online full-stack web development course to acquire practical skills and knowledge. You will also get hands-on experience through projects, which will help you become career-ready as you kickstart your professional journey.

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  • Ashima Jain

    Ashima Jain is a Content Editor and Strategist at WsCube Tech and has been in the content marketing industry for 6 years. She is a writer by day and a reader by night. It was actually her love for reading that made her try her hands at writing. She has completed her postgraduation in Economics and Financial Management and has also done diploma courses in Journalism and Digital Marketing. When not working, you can find her in a cafe enjoying a cup of joe and a book.